​ሕግንና ደንብን በተመለከተ እርዳታ ማግኘት ይፈልጋሉን? - Amharic | هل تحتاج لمساعدة قانونية؟ - Arabic | ܤܢܝܼܩܵܐ ܝ݇ܘ̤ܬ ܠܗܲܝܵܪܬܵܐ ܩܵܢܘܿܢܵܝܬܵܐ؟ - Assyrian | Need Legal Help? - Auslan | Treba li vam pravna pomoc? - Bosnian | Burmese â Need Legal Help? | 需要法律帮助吗? - Chinese Simplified | 需要法律幫助嗎? - Chinese Traditional | Trebate li pravnu pomoć? - Croatian | ضرورت به کمک قانونی دارید؟ - Dari | Wïc Kuɔɔny në Wɛ̈t Löŋ? - Dinka | آیا به کمک حقوقی نیاز دارید؟ - Farsi | Gadreva na Veivuke Vakalawa? - Fijian | Kailangan ninyo ba ng tulong na panglegal? - Filipino | Besoin d’aide juridique ? - French | Χρειάζεστε βοήθεια σε νομικά ζητήματα - Greek | क्या आपको कानूनी सलाह चाहिए? - Hindi | Butuhkan Bantuan dalam Masalah Hukum? - Indonesian | Hai bisogno di assistenza legale? - Italian | ត្រូវការជំនួយលើបញ្ហាផ្លូវច្បាប់ឬទេ? - Khmer | 법적인 도움이 필요하십니까? - Korean | Ви треба ли помош со правни работи? - Macedonian | कानूनी सहयोग चाहिएको छ? - Nepalese | Necessita de ajuda com questões jurídicas? - Portuguese | Вам нужна юридическая помощь? - Russian | E Manaomia Fesoasoani i Mea Tau Tulafono? - Samoan | а ли вам треба помоћ у правним питањима? - Serbian | Ma u baahan tahay Caawimmad xagga sharciga ah?- Somali | ¿Necesita ayuda con cuestiones jurídicas? - Spanish | சட்ட உதவி தேவையா? - Tamil | ท่านต้องการความช่วยเหลือทางด้านกฎหมายไหม? - Thai | Fiema’u ha tokoni Fakalao? - Tongan | Yasal Danışmaya İhtiyacınız mı var? - Turkish | Cần Được Giúp Đỡ Về Luật Pháp? - Vietnamese |

Driving offences and crime

If you commit a driving or minor criminal offence you may be fined or charged.

If you have received a fine (penalty notice) rather than a Court Attendance Notice (CAN), see the Fines section of this website.

If you have been charged and you have received a CAN, you will have to go to the Local Court.

This topic has information about:

    Icon - alertIf you have been charged with a serious offence or you think you might go to prison, you should get legal advice.

    Icon - alertThe information in this topic should only be used if you are appearing in the Local Court of NSW. If you are under 18 and have been charged with a criminal offence, or if you are under 16 and have been charged with a driving offence,  your case will be dealt with by the Children's Court of NSW. Before going to court, you should get legal advice. For more information, go the Legal Assistance section of the Children's Court website.

    Driving offences​

    A driving offence occurs when someone driving a vehicle, or someone in a vehicle, breaks a law.

    This section covers:

    • ​​What is a driving offence?
    • What can you be charged with?​
    • Who can charge you?
    • What do the prosecution have to prove?
    • What is a defence?
    • Losing your licence
    • Losing your car or number plates.

    For more information, see Driving offences.

    Criminal offences

    A crime occurs when a person breaks a law and commits an offence against the community in general or against a particular victim.

    This section covers:

    • What is a crime?
    • What can you be charged with?
    • Who can charge you?
    • What do the prosecution have to prove?
    • What is a defence?

    For more information, see Criminal offences.

    Responding to a charge

    If you have been charged with an offence and given a CAN, you will have to go the specified court on a particular date.  Before you go to court, you should check what you have been charged with and consider how you want to respond to those charges.

    This section covers:

    • Checking what you have been charged with
    • Negotiating with the police
    • Pleading guilty or not guilty
    • The first court date
    • If you miss court

    For more information, see Responding to a charge.

    Pleading guilty

    If you plead guilty, you are telling the court you agree with the charges. Your case may be dealt with on the first day so you should prepare before you go to court.

    This section covers:

    • Pleading guilty in writing
    • Preparing for court
    • Intervention programs
    • Going to court
    • Changing your plea
    • The decision

    For more information, see Pleading guilty.

    Pleading not guilty

    If you decide to plead not guilty, you will have to go to a hearing. The police will present their evidence, and you will get a chance to present yours. 

    This section covers:

    • Pleading not guilty in writing
    • Preparing for the hearing
    • Going to the hearing
    • Changing your plea
    • The decision

    For more information, see Pleading not guilty

    After court

    After you plead guilty or are found guilty after a hearing, the magistrate will sentence you. This means they will decide on a penalty and make certain orders about costs. You may also get a record.

    This section covers:

    • Losing your licence
    • Paying a court fine
    • Paying costs
    • Driving and criminal records
    • If you missed court
    • Appealing the decision.

    For more information, see After court.

    Who's who in court

    When you have to go to court, it helps to know what to expect. In this section you can see what a typical courtroom looks like, who the different people are in the court, and where you should sit.

    For more information, see Who's who in court.

    Forms

    This section has instructions and sample forms as well as sample letters and documents like character references and submissions.

    For more information, see Forms.

    Frequently asked questions

    This section has answers to common questions that you may have when going to court for a driving offence or minor criminal offence.

    For more information, see Frequently asked questions.

    The information in this topic was last updated: May 2014.​