​ሕግንና ደንብን በተመለከተ እርዳታ ማግኘት ይፈልጋሉን? - Amharic | هل تحتاج لمساعدة قانونية؟ - Arabic | ܤܢܝܼܩܵܐ ܝ݇ܘ̤ܬ ܠܗܲܝܵܪܬܵܐ ܩܵܢܘܿܢܵܝܬܵܐ؟ - Assyrian | Need Legal Help? - Auslan | Treba li vam pravna pomoc? - Bosnian | Burmese â Need Legal Help? | 需要法律帮助吗? - Chinese Simplified | 需要法律幫助嗎? - Chinese Traditional | Trebate li pravnu pomoć? - Croatian | ضرورت به کمک قانونی دارید؟ - Dari | Wïc Kuɔɔny në Wɛ̈t Löŋ? - Dinka | آیا به کمک حقوقی نیاز دارید؟ - Farsi | Gadreva na Veivuke Vakalawa? - Fijian | Kailangan ninyo ba ng tulong na panglegal? - Filipino | Besoin d’aide juridique ? - French | Χρειάζεστε βοήθεια σε νομικά ζητήματα - Greek | क्या आपको कानूनी सलाह चाहिए? - Hindi | Butuhkan Bantuan dalam Masalah Hukum? - Indonesian | Hai bisogno di assistenza legale? - Italian | ត្រូវការជំនួយលើបញ្ហាផ្លូវច្បាប់ឬទេ? - Khmer | 법적인 도움이 필요하십니까? - Korean | Ви треба ли помош со правни работи? - Macedonian | कानूनी सहयोग चाहिएको छ? - Nepalese | Necessita de ajuda com questões jurídicas? - Portuguese | Вам нужна юридическая помощь? - Russian | E Manaomia Fesoasoani i Mea Tau Tulafono? - Samoan | а ли вам треба помоћ у правним питањима? - Serbian | Ma u baahan tahay Caawimmad xagga sharciga ah?- Somali | ¿Necesita ayuda con cuestiones jurídicas? - Spanish | சட்ட உதவி தேவையா? - Tamil | ท่านต้องการความช่วยเหลือทางด้านกฎหมายไหม? - Thai | Fiema’u ha tokoni Fakalao? - Tongan | Yasal Danışmaya İhtiyacınız mı var? - Turkish | Cần Được Giúp Đỡ Về Luật Pháp? - Vietnamese |

Evidence about fault 

There are a number of documents that you can use to show who was at fault in a car accident.

    Your notes about the accident

    It is a good idea to write down what happened in the accident while it is still fresh in your mind - keep a note or write a diary entry. 

    You should keep a record of the following information about the accident: 

    • ​​​​date and time that the accident happened
    • location (street name, suburb/town/locality, nearest cross street or landmark)
    • colour, make and model of each vehicle involved in the accident, including the number plates
    • name of the driver of each vehicle and the owner of each vehicle (if it is not the driver)
    • cription of how the accident happened
    • what the street lighting was like (if the accident happened at night)
    • the traffic conditions (lots of traffic, light traffic)
    • the speed limit on that road
    • the speed you were travelling
    • what the weather was like (raining, just finished raining, sunny or dark)
    • any conversations you had with the other driver
    • details of any witness
    • any conversations you had with the witnesses
    • anything you think may have caused the crash
    • a description of the damage to your car, as well as the other cars involved in the accident
    • the cost to repair your car, if known
    • whether the police attended
    • if it was reported to the police - the name, rank and station of the police officer and date and time reported
    • any other relevant details. 

    You can use this information:

    • ​​to make or respond to a claim
    • when trying to resolve the claim with the other driver or insurer
    • to prepare a statement as evidence if you end up going to court.

    Witness statements 

    If there were witnesses to the accident, you should get their contact details. If you were not able to get these at the scene of the accident, but the police were there, you may be able to get this information from the police. 

    For more information, see Identify the other party.

    After the accident you can contact any witnesses who saw or heard something that supports your claim, and ask them to prepare and sign a statement about the accident. You should contact witnesses as soon as possible after the accident so they don't forget any details. If the matter goes to court, the hearing date could be months or even years after the accident happened. The statements should not include opinions or beliefs or arguments about the law. They should include facts about what the person saw, heard, did or said. 

    You can't force a witness to give you a statement. If the case goes to court, you may be able to serve the witness with a subpoena which orders them to give evidence. 

    Instructions: Instructions for preparing witness statements - car accidents
    Sample: Sample witness statement - car accidents

    Photos 

    You could take photos of the place where the accident happened, the surroundings (for example, the intersection, street signs, traffic lights) and the position of your car and the other driver's car. These photos could be used to explain the circumstances of the accident, and who was at fault.

    Handy HintYou could take photos with your mobile phone or camera. 

    Sketch of the scene 

    You should make a sketch of how the accident happened. A sketch can be helpful when making a claim or if you end up going to court. You should include as much information about the accident as possible, such as: 

    • ​​position of the cars involved in the accident
    • position of any other cars e.g parked cars
    • location of any witnesses
    • trees, kerbs, or crossings
    • name of the street and cross streets, if any
    • lanes and lane direction
    • width of the street
    • speed limit
    • traffic lights
    • street signs e.g. stop signs
    • any other relevant details.  

    You could neatly label the sketch or you could use a key to show what your picture refers to. 

    Sample: Sample sketches 

    Police Incident Report 

    If the police came to the accident, or the accident was reported to the police, you can get a Police Incident Report. 

    The police report might include statements about fault, whether ​anyone was charged with an offence, a summary of the accident, and sometimes it can include drawings of the scene.

    For information about how to get the police report, see Identify the other party​.