The NSW Road Rules apply to cars as well as riders and drivers of animals, for example horses and carriages.
If you want to know more about the NSW Road Rules, go to
If you are in an accident with an animal that is being used as transport, then who is at fault will depend on the circumstances.
If the owner or rider of an animal doesn't give you their contact details at the time of the accident, you should report the accident to the police. It may be difficult to find their details later.
If an animal causes an accident involving a car or other vehicle, the owner of the animal will usually be responsible if the owner did something that was negligent. For example, the owner may not have taken steps to stop their dog from wandering on the road such as putting up a fence, or an owner may not have closed a gate that allowed an animal onto the road.
Who is responsible will depend on:
For example, it may be negligent for the owner of a herd of cattle to keep them on unfenced land near a busy highway, but it may not be negligent to keep the same herd on unfenced land near a rarely used road.
For any claim against the owner of an animal for damage, you should seek
If you hit and injure an animal (apart from a bird), you are required by law to do whatever you reasonably can to ease its pain. If it's not a wild animal then the injury must be reported to the police or the animal's owner.