​ሕግንና ደንብን በተመለከተ እርዳታ ማግኘት ይፈልጋሉን? - Amharic | هل تحتاج لمساعدة قانونية؟ - Arabic | ܤܢܝܼܩܵܐ ܝ݇ܘ̤ܬ ܠܗܲܝܵܪܬܵܐ ܩܵܢܘܿܢܵܝܬܵܐ؟ - Assyrian | Need Legal Help? - Auslan | Treba li vam pravna pomoc? - Bosnian | Burmese â Need Legal Help? | 需要法律帮助吗? - Chinese Simplified | 需要法律幫助嗎? - Chinese Traditional | Trebate li pravnu pomoć? - Croatian | ضرورت به کمک قانونی دارید؟ - Dari | Wïc Kuɔɔny në Wɛ̈t Löŋ? - Dinka | آیا به کمک حقوقی نیاز دارید؟ - Farsi | Gadreva na Veivuke Vakalawa? - Fijian | Kailangan ninyo ba ng tulong na panglegal? - Filipino | Besoin d’aide juridique ? - French | Χρειάζεστε βοήθεια σε νομικά ζητήματα - Greek | क्या आपको कानूनी सलाह चाहिए? - Hindi | Butuhkan Bantuan dalam Masalah Hukum? - Indonesian | Hai bisogno di assistenza legale? - Italian | ត្រូវការជំនួយលើបញ្ហាផ្លូវច្បាប់ឬទេ? - Khmer | 법적인 도움이 필요하십니까? - Korean | Ви треба ли помош со правни работи? - Macedonian | कानूनी सहयोग चाहिएको छ? - Nepalese | Necessita de ajuda com questões jurídicas? - Portuguese | Вам нужна юридическая помощь? - Russian | E Manaomia Fesoasoani i Mea Tau Tulafono? - Samoan | а ли вам треба помоћ у правним питањима? - Serbian | Ma u baahan tahay Caawimmad xagga sharciga ah?- Somali | ¿Necesita ayuda con cuestiones jurídicas? - Spanish | சட்ட உதவி தேவையா? - Tamil | ท่านต้องการความช่วยเหลือทางด้านกฎหมายไหม? - Thai | Fiema’u ha tokoni Fakalao? - Tongan | Yasal Danışmaya İhtiyacınız mı var? - Turkish | Cần Được Giúp Đỡ Về Luật Pháp? - Vietnamese |

Evidence

If you are representing yourself, you will need to prepare evidence to​ support your case.

Depending on the type of matter you are defending, there may be different types of evidence you can rely on. For example:

    Alert Icon This is a guide only. The kind of evidence you need will depend on your case. If you are not sure what evidence you need to support your case, you should get legal advice.

    If you want to use electronic evidence, such as videos or sound recordings, you should contact the court as soon as possible before the hearing to make sure that the equipment you need is available on the day.

    Photographs

    You can take photographs of the location of the alleged offence to use as evidence. You may want to take photos that show signs, obstructions, hazards or anything else that is relevant to your case.

     If you are using photographs as evidence, you should make sure that they are printed and good quality. You cannot show the photographs on your mobile phone or camera.

    If you have received a fine from a council for a parking offence, or from Revenue NSW for a camera detected offence, the prosecutor may use any photographs that were taken to confirm that your vehicle was the vehicle seen at the alleged offence and that you were the driver. You should make sure that you look at these photos as part of your preparation for the hearing.

    To get a copy of a photograph from a council, you should speak to the council who issued the fine and request a copy of the photograph.

    To get a copy of a photograph taken by a camera, you can either;

    • view or download the photograph for free by using the MyPenalty service on the Revenue NSW website​, 
    • download the free Service NSW App​ to view the photographs, or
    • write to the Revenue NSW and ask for a copy to be mailed to you. You will have to pay a $11.00 fee (as at July 2017) by sending a cheque or money order with your letter to:
    Revenue NSW
    Photo Requests
    PO Box 786
    S​trawberry Hills NSW 2012​
    F​or more information, see the Revenue NSW brochure 'Camera Detected Penalty Notices' which is available on the Revenue NSW ​website.

    In-car Video​​ (ICV)

    If you were stopped and received a fine from a police officer, the alleged incident may have been recorded on In-car Video (ICV). ICV is footage recorded by equipment installed in some police vehicles. The ICV records images and sounds. It can record a conversation you have with a police officer after you are stopped.

    Police officers who have ICV equipment in their cars must record any vehicle that they follow and intend on stopping. Once the police officer stops you they must tell you if they are using the ICV.

    If you were told that the incident was recorded, you may want to view this footage before you go to court. You should contact the officer in charge or the prosecutor dealing with your matter and make an appointment to view the footage or make some other arrangement.

    If you haven't had a chance to view the ICV before or on the day of court, you may be able to ask for an adjournment to get some more time.

    Closed Circuit Televisi​​on (CCTV)

    Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) is a television system which is used for the surveillance of a premises or place.

    CCTV cameras are usually located near:

    • identified crime hot spots
    • ATMs and banks
    • licensed premises
    • bus stops, taxi ranks, car parks and railway stations
    • community facilities, including public toilets and telephones
    • places frequented by potentially at-risk groups, such as the elderly and young people.

    If you are fined for an offence that occurred in one of those areas, such as "Attempt to re-enter or remain in the vicinity of premises" or "Smoking in a covered or enclosed station area", you may want to consider getting a copy of any CCTV footage to help prove that you did not commit the offence.

    Owners or operators of CCTV footage may provide access voluntarily. CCTV footage may not be kept for long periods and you should ask for a copy as soon as possible.

    If an organisation will not voluntarily give you a copy of the footage, you can serve a Subpoena for Production.

    For more information, see Subpoenas - Step by step guide.

    Documentary ev​​​idence

    You might have documents such as letters, maps or receipts that support your case, for example:

    • a letter from RMS  that led you to believe you were entitled to drive when in fact you were suspended or disqualified
    • google maps showing the distance between two locations
    • receipts for mechanical repairs that led you to believe your indicators were working.

    Witnes​​ses

    Witnesses who can support your case should attend the hearing with you to give evidence in person.

    For more information about how to question your witnesses in court, see Arguing your case.

    If your witnesses do not attend the hearing, you can ask the court for an adjournment. However, if you haven't subpoenaed your witnesses, the court may not give you the adjournment. If you want to make sure your witnesses attend the hearing, you should think about subpoenaing them.

    For more information, see Subpoenas - Step by step guide.

    Alert Icon If the court adjourns your case because your witnesses did not attend court, you may be ordered to pay the prosecution's costs of attending court that day. ​