​ሕግንና ደንብን በተመለከተ እርዳታ ማግኘት ይፈልጋሉን? - Amharic | هل تحتاج لمساعدة قانونية؟ - Arabic | ܤܢܝܼܩܵܐ ܝ݇ܘ̤ܬ ܠܗܲܝܵܪܬܵܐ ܩܵܢܘܿܢܵܝܬܵܐ؟ - Assyrian | Need Legal Help? - Auslan | Treba li vam pravna pomoc? - Bosnian | Burmese â Need Legal Help? | 需要法律帮助吗? - Chinese Simplified | 需要法律幫助嗎? - Chinese Traditional | Trebate li pravnu pomoć? - Croatian | ضرورت به کمک قانونی دارید؟ - Dari | Wïc Kuɔɔny në Wɛ̈t Löŋ? - Dinka | آیا به کمک حقوقی نیاز دارید؟ - Farsi | Gadreva na Veivuke Vakalawa? - Fijian | Kailangan ninyo ba ng tulong na panglegal? - Filipino | Besoin d’aide juridique ? - French | Χρειάζεστε βοήθεια σε νομικά ζητήματα - Greek | क्या आपको कानूनी सलाह चाहिए? - Hindi | Butuhkan Bantuan dalam Masalah Hukum? - Indonesian | Hai bisogno di assistenza legale? - Italian | ត្រូវការជំនួយលើបញ្ហាផ្លូវច្បាប់ឬទេ? - Khmer | 법적인 도움이 필요하십니까? - Korean | Ви треба ли помош со правни работи? - Macedonian | कानूनी सहयोग चाहिएको छ? - Nepalese | Necessita de ajuda com questões jurídicas? - Portuguese | Вам нужна юридическая помощь? - Russian | E Manaomia Fesoasoani i Mea Tau Tulafono? - Samoan | а ли вам треба помоћ у правним питањима? - Serbian | Ma u baahan tahay Caawimmad xagga sharciga ah?- Somali | ¿Necesita ayuda con cuestiones jurídicas? - Spanish | சட்ட உதவி தேவையா? - Tamil | ท่านต้องการความช่วยเหลือทางด้านกฎหมายไหม? - Thai | Fiema’u ha tokoni Fakalao? - Tongan | Yasal Danışmaya İhtiyacınız mı var? - Turkish | Cần Được Giúp Đỡ Về Luật Pháp? - Vietnamese |
LawAccess NSW > Representing Yourself > Legal Skills > Reading and writing legal documents > Affidavits, statements and statutory declarations

Statements

In some courts or tribunals, you may be ordered to prepare a statement. A statement is written evidence which may be used to support a case. A statement must be signed and dated but does not have to be sworn like an affidavit. It can be witnessed, although this is not always necessary.

Statements are used in the civil claims division of the Local Court and in some tribunals. In the Small Claims Division of the Local Court, statements are used instead of witnesses attending a hearing. In the General Division of the Local Court, statements are served on (given to) each party but witnesses usually still have to attend the hearing. Statements are also sometimes used in criminal, traffic and Apprehended Violence Order (AVO) cases.

Hint icon For a helpful tool to use when writing a statement, see Checklist: Writing statements​.

When making a statement you should consider the following: 

    ​​There is no strict form a statement should take, but generally all statements will follow a similar format.​

    Who can make a statement?

    A statement can be made by:

    • a plaintiff or applicant
    • a defendant or respondent
    • a victim of crime
    • a witness
    • an expert who has knowledge relevant to a case.

    Whether a statement is needed will depend on the circumstances of your case. If you are not sure whether you need to prepare a statement you should get legal advice.

    What should be in a statement?

    A statement should start out with a heading that describes what case or reason the statement is being made for.

    For example:

    Robert Taylor v Marvin Tran
    Case Number SC2010/016
    In the Local Court at Parramatta

    Statement of Priya Ghosh ​

    There should then be a sentence where the person making the statement states:

    • their name
    • their address
    • their occupation
    • that they "state".

    For example:

    I, Priya Ghosh, of 3 Arthur Street Croydon Park NSW 2133, teacher, state:

    Then, in numbered paragraphs, the person making the statement should write, in a chronological order, their evidence.

    For example:

    1. On 1 December 2009 at about 3:30pm, I was about to get into my car in the car park next to the shops on Burwood Road, Burwood NSW 2134.

    2. I noticed that a silver car was driving down the aisle behind me.

    3. I saw a green RAV 4 reverse out of a car space and collide with a silver car. The silver car was moving at the time of the collision.

    4. My car was parked opposite the place where the accident happened.

    5. Both the drivers got out of their cars. Neither of them seemed to be hurt and I went over to them to see how they were.

    6. The driver of the green car said "Did you see the accident?". I said words to the effect "I saw it". He then said "Can you give me your contact details, just in case I need a statement from you". I replied "Yes". I then gave him my contact details.
    7. The speed limit in the car park was 20km per hour. The silver car was travelling at about 40km per hour.

    8. I noticed damage to the back left side of the green RAV 4.

    9. I believe that the contents of this statement are true and correct.

    If the statement is being made to police in relation to a crime, the end of the statement, before the signature, may also have a sentence that is similar to the following:

    This statement sets out the evidence that I am prepared to give in court as a witness.​

    Attaching documents

    It is sometimes helpful to attach a document to your statement if it supports the evidence you are giving in the statement. The document is then called an 'annexure'.

    Each annexure that is attached must be numbered. For example; Annexure 'A', Annexure 'B', Annexure 'C'. You should also give a brief description of what is being attached in the text of your statement.

    For example:

     

    1. On 3 December 2009 I received an invoice for repairs to my car. Annexed and marked 'A' is a copy of that invoice.

     

    Each annexure can also have a statement written on its front page that says something like:

    This is the document referred to as Annexure 'A' in the statement of Priya Ghosh made on 7 December 2009.

    ​If you are not sure what to write in a statement, or whether to attach any documents you should get legal advice.

    Signing the statement

    The person making the statement should sign and date it. The statement doesn't have to be witnessed.

    Signed: P. Ghosh
    Dated: 7 December 2009​

    ​Filing and serving the statement

    If the court has ordered you to file and serve your statements, you should do so by the date the court ordered. The court might not accept the statement as evidence if it is filed or served late.