​ሕግንና ደንብን በተመለከተ እርዳታ ማግኘት ይፈልጋሉን? - Amharic | هل تحتاج لمساعدة قانونية؟ - Arabic | ܤܢܝܼܩܵܐ ܝ݇ܘ̤ܬ ܠܗܲܝܵܪܬܵܐ ܩܵܢܘܿܢܵܝܬܵܐ؟ - Assyrian | Need Legal Help? - Auslan | Treba li vam pravna pomoc? - Bosnian | Burmese â Need Legal Help? | 需要法律帮助吗? - Chinese Simplified | 需要法律幫助嗎? - Chinese Traditional | Trebate li pravnu pomoć? - Croatian | ضرورت به کمک قانونی دارید؟ - Dari | Wïc Kuɔɔny në Wɛ̈t Löŋ? - Dinka | آیا به کمک حقوقی نیاز دارید؟ - Farsi | Gadreva na Veivuke Vakalawa? - Fijian | Kailangan ninyo ba ng tulong na panglegal? - Filipino | Besoin d’aide juridique ? - French | Χρειάζεστε βοήθεια σε νομικά ζητήματα - Greek | क्या आपको कानूनी सलाह चाहिए? - Hindi | Butuhkan Bantuan dalam Masalah Hukum? - Indonesian | Hai bisogno di assistenza legale? - Italian | ត្រូវការជំនួយលើបញ្ហាផ្លូវច្បាប់ឬទេ? - Khmer | 법적인 도움이 필요하십니까? - Korean | Ви треба ли помош со правни работи? - Macedonian | कानूनी सहयोग चाहिएको छ? - Nepalese | Necessita de ajuda com questões jurídicas? - Portuguese | Вам нужна юридическая помощь? - Russian | E Manaomia Fesoasoani i Mea Tau Tulafono? - Samoan | а ли вам треба помоћ у правним питањима? - Serbian | Ma u baahan tahay Caawimmad xagga sharciga ah?- Somali | ¿Necesita ayuda con cuestiones jurídicas? - Spanish | சட்ட உதவி தேவையா? - Tamil | ท่านต้องการความช่วยเหลือทางด้านกฎหมายไหม? - Thai | Fiema’u ha tokoni Fakalao? - Tongan | Yasal Danışmaya İhtiyacınız mı var? - Turkish | Cần Được Giúp Đỡ Về Luật Pháp? - Vietnamese |

Department of Justice is now the Department of Communities and Justice.  Find out more >

Affidavits and statements

The Judge in charge of your case may have made orders that:

  • you prepare affidavits or statements of your witnesses, then file and serve them on (give them to) your employer (the respondent)
  • your employer prepare affidavits or statements of their witnesses, then file and serve them on you
  • you prepare affidavits in response to your employer's affidavits, then file and serve them on your employer.

Evidence in the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia is usually given by affidavit. An affidavit is a written statement where the contents are sworn or affirmed to be true.

If your claim is for $20,000 or less you may have elected to use the Court's small claims procedures. This means that the Court may accept affidavits that:

  • have not been written in the correct way
  • have been written using the incorrect form
  • have not been sworn or affirmed to be true.

The Court might order you and your employer to file and serve written statements instead of affidavits. Unlike affidavits, written statements do not have to be written in a particular way or use a particular form. Apart from the evidence it contains, a statement should include the name and address of the person making the statement, and the details of your case. It should also be signed by the witness.

Hint iconYou can write a statement in the same way as you write an affidavit and sign it, but you do not need to swear or affirm it.

For more information on how to write statements, see Statements.

Alert icon  You should get legal advice before preparing an affidavit or a statement.

    How to write your affidavits

    You will need to prepare your own affidavit. If you have any witnesses, you will need to ask them to make their own affidavits.

    Hint iconIf your witness is not sure how to write an affidavit, you could send them a link to this page or print it off and give it to them.​

    Where can I get a blank affidavit form?

    You can get a blank affidavit form from the:

    • registry of the Court hearing your case
    • General federal law forms page on the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia we​bsite.

    What should I put in an affidavit?

    Before you start writing your Affidavit, you may want to plan:

    • what information you will include
    • what documents you will include
    • how your Affidavit will be structured.

    It is important that your Affidavit is easy to read so the court can understand what you are trying to say. To do this:

    • write in chronological order (the order in which things occurred)
    • divide your Affidavit by topics using headings
    • keep it brief
    • remember who you are writing to - the court has no personal knowledge of your relationship so you must tell them all of the facts.

    You should only include information that you have direct knowledge of. A person has direct knowledge of something if they saw or heard it or otherwise witnessed it.

    You should only include information that is relevant to the orders you want the court to make. The court can’t consider irrelevant or unnecessary information. If you include too much irrelevant or unnecessary information in your Affidavit, the court may refuse to read it.

    Your affidavit should not include:

    • your personal opinion, for example, ‘I could tell he wanted to get rid of me’
    • hearsay evidence - evidence of what someone else saw, heard, or otherwise witnessed, for example, ‘Jane told me what our boss had been saying about me’
    • hypothetical statements, for example, ‘If I hadn’t been so good at my job he wouldn’t have fired me’
    • generalisations, for example, ‘All bosses are mean’
    • offensive comments, for example, ‘my employer was a bastard’
    • submissions, for example, ‘The court can be satisfied that I was dismissed in breach of a general protection’
    • legal advice you have received
    • your interpretation of the law.

    How should I set out an affidavit?

    When you are preparing your Affidavit, you must:

    • use plain language
    • write in the first person
    • only state the facts
    • be specific - use dates, times, amounts, locations and names where possible
    • refer to any conversations using the actual words spoken, for example, I said to Jane words to the effect, “That’s fine.”
    • separate each topic using headings
    • include only one issue per paragraph
    • number each paragraph
    • number each page consecutively, including any annexures.

    Alert icon Don’t include any information or documents that suggest or prove you have committed a criminal offence. This can be used as evidence against you later if you are charged. If you are not sure what to include, you should get legal advice.

    Formatting

    Your Affidavit should be:

    • double spaced
    • left aligned
    • size 12 font
    • in an easy to read font, for example Arial or Calibri
    • written in English.

    Alert icon Don’t sign your Affidavit until you are ready to have it witnessed.

    How do I include a document or an object?

    If you want to include a document or object as part of your evidence, you can 'annex' or 'exhibit' it to your affidavit. Annex means to attach it to the back of the affidavit, and then it becomes an 'annexure'. The annexure would then be attached to the back of the affidavit.

    An exhibit is referred to in the affidavit but is not attached to the affidavit. Annexures are used for smaller documents while exhibits can be used for larger groups of documents and objects.

    To annex documents to your affidavit:

    • refer to each of the documents in the text of your Affidavit - if there is more than one document, give it a number or letter, for example ‘Annexure 1’
    • attach the documents to the back of your Affidavit in the order that they are mentioned in your Affidavit
    • create a cover page for each document, with the statement:
    ‘This is the document referred to as Annexure [insert reference number] in the Affidavit of [insert deponent’s name], sworn/affirmed at [insert place] on [insert date] before me [authorised person to sign and provide name and qualification].’
    • continue the page numbering in your Affidavit across all annexures.

    Make sure the documents you attach to your Affidavit are clear and easy to read. If they are not, the court may not consider them, or they may ask you to provide another copy.

    Alert icon Don’t include original documents in your Affidavit - only attach photocopies. The documents you file become the courts property. You will not be able to get them back once your case in finished. 

    Can I include evidence of conversations?

    You can include evidence of conversations if they are relevant. Affidavits should be written in the first person (from the point of view of the person making the affidavit) and using the word 'I'. If the affidavit refers to a conversation, you should write down the exact words used by the people in the conversation.

    Signing and witnessing an affidavit

    Once you have finished your affidavit, you need to sign it in front of a witness. The witness must be either a lawyer (including solicitors and barristers) or a Justice of the Peace.

    You must swear (religious oath) or affirm (non-religious oath) that the contents of your Affidavit are true.

    You and the witness should sign every page, including the last page.

    To fix any error(s) in your Affidavit, cross out the error(s) and write your initials next to your change(s). The person witnessing your Affidavit must also write their initials next to each change.

    For more information about where to find a Justice of the Peace, see Finding a JP on the Department of Communities and Justice website.

    Alert icon If you are unsure what to write in an Affidavit, or what documents to attach, you should get legal advice.

    Instructions/sample icon

    Instructions: Instructions for filling out an Affidavit

    Instructions/sample iconSample: Affidavit

    Your employer's affidavits

    Your employer's affidavits might be similar to yours. The first page may have the same details about the registry, case number and parties. It will have different details at the bottom of the first page because it will be filed on behalf of, and prepared by, different parties.

    Because your employer's affidavits are usually written after having read yours, they may refer to sections of your affidavits. For example, if an affidavit was being written in response to an affidavit written by the employee, it might say:

    4.

     


    I refer to the affidavit made by Kim-Ly Geun on 1 September 2013 ("the Geun affidavit") and I deny I had a conversation with Kim-Ly Geun on 18 May 2010 as described in paragraph 10.​                  

    5.

    I deny I s​aid the words in paragraph 11 of the Geun affidavit.

    6.

    On 18 May ​​2010 Kim-Ly Geun and I had a conversation with words to the effect:

    I said: "Your employment with us will start on 2 July 2010".

    She said: "Okay".

    How to write an affidavit in reply

    The Judge may make an order about you filing and serving an affidavit in reply to your employer's affidavits. If there is anything raised in your employer's affidavits you don't agree with, you can prepare affidavits to specifically deny those parts.

    Continuing with the example above, the applicant may write an affidavit in reply. It might say:

    4.

     


    I refer to the affidavit made by Franklin Mount on 15 September 2013 ("the Mount affidavit"). I deny that the conversation between Franklin Mount and me took place as described in paragraph 6. I deny that Franklin Mount ever told me that my employment with the respondent would start on July 2010.

    5.

     


    My first day working with the respondent was 2 June 2010. On 2 July 2010 Franklin Mount said to me words to the effect, "You've completed your trial. We'd like to keep you on".