​ሕግንና ደንብን በተመለከተ እርዳታ ማግኘት ይፈልጋሉን? - Amharic | هل تحتاج لمساعدة قانونية؟ - Arabic | ܤܢܝܼܩܵܐ ܝ݇ܘ̤ܬ ܠܗܲܝܵܪܬܵܐ ܩܵܢܘܿܢܵܝܬܵܐ؟ - Assyrian | Need Legal Help? - Auslan | Treba li vam pravna pomoc? - Bosnian | Burmese â Need Legal Help? | 需要法律帮助吗? - Chinese Simplified | 需要法律幫助嗎? - Chinese Traditional | Trebate li pravnu pomoć? - Croatian | ضرورت به کمک قانونی دارید؟ - Dari | Wïc Kuɔɔny në Wɛ̈t Löŋ? - Dinka | آیا به کمک حقوقی نیاز دارید؟ - Farsi | Gadreva na Veivuke Vakalawa? - Fijian | Kailangan ninyo ba ng tulong na panglegal? - Filipino | Besoin d’aide juridique ? - French | Χρειάζεστε βοήθεια σε νομικά ζητήματα - Greek | क्या आपको कानूनी सलाह चाहिए? - Hindi | Butuhkan Bantuan dalam Masalah Hukum? - Indonesian | Hai bisogno di assistenza legale? - Italian | ត្រូវការជំនួយលើបញ្ហាផ្លូវច្បាប់ឬទេ? - Khmer | 법적인 도움이 필요하십니까? - Korean | Ви треба ли помош со правни работи? - Macedonian | कानूनी सहयोग चाहिएको छ? - Nepalese | Necessita de ajuda com questões jurídicas? - Portuguese | Вам нужна юридическая помощь? - Russian | E Manaomia Fesoasoani i Mea Tau Tulafono? - Samoan | а ли вам треба помоћ у правним питањима? - Serbian | Ma u baahan tahay Caawimmad xagga sharciga ah?- Somali | ¿Necesita ayuda con cuestiones jurídicas? - Spanish | சட்ட உதவி தேவையா? - Tamil | ท่านต้องการความช่วยเหลือทางด้านกฎหมายไหม? - Thai | Fiema’u ha tokoni Fakalao? - Tongan | Yasal Danışmaya İhtiyacınız mı var? - Turkish | Cần Được Giúp Đỡ Về Luật Pháp? - Vietnamese |
LawAccess NSW > Representing Yourself > Legal Skills > Reading and writing legal documents

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Checklist: Writing statements

Checklist IconYou can print this checklist as it may help you when you need to write a statement.

This checklist relates specifically to statements. For tips on writing skills and things to think about when writing any type of legal document, see Checklist: Writing. If you need more help writing a statement, call LawAccess NSW.

Checkbox IconShould I make a statement?

A statement can be made by anyone involved in a court case, including a:

  • plaintiff or applicant
  • defendant or respondent
  • witness.

The type of case and any orders that may have been made by the court will affect whether you should make a statement. Witnesses who make statements will often be required to give evidence in court. If you are not sure if you need to make a statement, you should get legal adv​ice.

Checkbox IconWhat should be in the statement?

A statement should contain:

  • the details of the case it is being used in, including the names of parties, court location and court case number
  • the name, address and occupation of the person making the statement
  • the evidence being given by the person making the statement.
Checkbox IconHow should the evidence be written?

When you write a statement, you should:

  • only write things you know about (not necessarily what you heard someone say)
  • write conversations in the first person (for example, I said "I'll take it", or she said "I'll send it right over")
  • only include information that is relevant
  • number every page.

The last paragraph should say something like:
"I believe that the contents of this statement are true and correct" or "This statement sets out evidence which I am prepared to give in court as a witness". ​

Checkbox IconInclude any annexures
  • If you want to include any documents as part of your statement, you can attach them to the back as an annexure.
  • Make sure that you give a brief description of what you are attaching in the text of your statement. For example, "on 29 December 2009, I received an email from Mr Lennison. Annexed and marked 'A' is a copy of that email".
  • Each annexure must be identified, for example by letters "A", followed by "B" etc.
  • The first page of each annexure should be signed by the witness.
  • The witness should also sign the annexure, they can also include a statement on the annexure that
    "This is the document referred to as Annexure [insert annexure letter] in the statement of [insert name of deponent], made on [insert the date the statement was made].
Checkbox Icon
Sign the statement
  • Although a statement does not always need to be witnessed, it is a good idea to get a solicitor or Justice of the Peace (JP) to witness your signature.
  • You and your witness should sign the bottom of each page of the witness statement.
Checkbox Icon
Keep a copy
  • Make sure you keep a copy of your signed witnessed statement for your records.
Checkbox Icon
File and serve
  • You should serve (formally give the other party) statements by the date ordered by the court.
  • Any annexures should be attached to and served with the statement.
  • Statements are not always filed with the court. You should check the court's orders before filing any statements.

For more information on statements and for an example of a statement, see Statements.